Cave Spring is a city in Floyd County, located 12.24 miles south of Rome, Georgia. The
was 975 at the 2000 census. The name of town "Cave Spring" was named after its cave and water spring
which produces 2 million gallons of water daily inside a cave in the center of the village.
The cave, with its impressive stalagmites and the legendary "Devil's Stool", is located in Rolater Park. The spring water, 57-degree coolness on a hot summer's day, has won awards for purity and taste. Many visitors bring jugs to fill at the spring and take home for drinking.
Cave Spring is well known for the natural wonders of the cave and spring site where native Indians came to the area (both Cherokee and earlier Mississippian culture). Legend has it that tribal meetings and games used to be held at the site. In 1839, Cave Spring was formed as a small town; founded by Baptists who were among the early settlers.
The cave and spring site is now the part of Rolater Park formerly used by educational institutions such as Cave Spring Manual Labor School (renamed Hearn Academy) and others including Georgia School for the Deaf. During the American Civil War of 1864 by following Atlanta campaign, both Confederate and Union troops came to Cave Spring for hospitalization and rest from fighting on the battlefields before Atlanta.
Cave Spring has historic homes and buildings from its early years such as the 1867 Presbyterian Church, 1880 train depot, and 19th century hotels and boarding houses. The spring flows into a sparkling pond from Rolater Park and then into a 1.5-acre swimming pool that is shaped like the state of Georgia. The pool is constructed out of stones.
Cave Spring is the home of Georgia School for the Deaf, established in 1846, is a state-funded residential school operating under the auspices of the Office of Special Services of the Georgia State Department of Education and the Georgia State Board of Education to ensure that appropriate educational programs are available for hearing impaired and multi-handicapped hearing impaired students residing in Georgia. G.S.D. was used to be a field hospital for both Confederate and Union troops during the Civil War. Now new G.S.D. buildings on different land that used to be Perry Farm (Original farmhouse is still standing).
In 1838 the Manual Labor School for boys was established by the Cave Spring Baptist Church to teach the skills of farming and other ways to make a living. The town's famous cave and spring were a part of the school grounds. In 1839 six small cottages were erected as dormitories, and the first classroom was built.
Lott Hearn bequeathed an endowment to the school in 1846, which resulted in the name change to Lott Hearn Manual Labor School. In 1903 the school was reorganized under the direction of the Georgia Baptist Convention and was known as Hearn Academy, a preparatory school for future college students. Because of a fire the original building was replaced in 1910 with the present facility. The school closed in 1925, and today the building is used for many special events.
On October 23, 1931 Dr. J. B. Rolater deeded 29 acres of what is now known as Rolater Park to the residents of Cave Spring for their enjoyment. In the early days local residents were allowed to tour the cave free of charge, and out-of-town visitors were charged ten cents. The natural beauty of Rolater Park and the historic buildings provide enjoyment to every visitor.
I found Cave Spring to be a pleasant place to walk around and just enjoy the natural setting. Unfortunately, we were not able to go into the cave because of our time constraints, but I plan to return to see the insides of the cave. I wish we had had more time to just take in more of the town.