As a formal organization, Military Intelligence made a late appearance in the U.S. Army,
more than 100 years to debut as a tiny section within the Adjutant General's Office.
It would have to wait another three decades for the demands of 20th century warfare to
validate Military intelligence as an equal partner of the War Department staff.
It took the leadership of men like Arthur Wagner, Ralph Van Deman, Parker Hitt and Charles Young to sell a simple idea: "Intelligence is for Commanders." Today that principle is the cornerstone of U.S. Army intelligence doctrine.
How that idea has evolved over the last 200 years is the subject of a new museum at Fort Huachuca. It is a story that has waited patiently to be told. Like the intelligence corps in general, this chapter made a late appearance in the volume of American military history. It existed in the minds of a few historians and has been sketched out in a few thin history books, but now for the first time it gained dimension, the dimension of the artifact that connects us to the past.
The Army Intelligence Museum, brought to you by the same team that build the Fort Huachuca Museum, acts as a central repository for those items of history that help put the military intelligence story in perspective. Opened on November 2, 1995, it I a teaching tool within the U.S. Army Intelligence School.
The museum's mission is to document and pass on the experiences and values of those who have gone before. This wealth of knowledge will not only better equip our people to carry out their professional duties, but enrich them with a sense of belonging to a larger tradition with common goals and shared values.
The army's initial intelligence school started as the Counterintelligence School at Fort Holabird, Maryland. With it's mission expansion to include training all combat intelligence and field operating agency personnel, its named changed to U.S. Army Intelligence School. The school was relocated to Fort Huachuca in 1971.
From Major General Ralph Van Deman called the "Father of Military Intelligence" to Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Nicholson, tragically killed in the course of his duties in East Germany, much as transpired that can guide and inspire the military intelligence soldier. Van Deman had the vision to forge a MI section in the War Department in 1917. Nicholson gave his life in 1985, just a few years before the collapse of Communism. The two men stand on the opposite ends of the 70-year span that has seen far reaching changes to the craft of intelligence. But the component of imagination and duty within the MI Corps has not changed.
Not known for their longevity, this particular drown became known as "Old Faithful" after successfully completing fifty flights and parachute landings. This radio-controlled plane was used from 1957 to 1961. It was replaced by the improved SD-2 and then jet-powered models. Unmanned drones were used primarily for photo surveillances in the late 50s. Now called Remote Piloted Vehicles, their use includes laser pin-pointing of targets.
Terra Scout, an initiative of Fort Huachuca's U.S. Army Intelligence Center, was an earth observation experiment which combined the skills of an imagery analyst and an advanced optical scanner sensor. CW03 Tom Hennen was the analyst, chosen from 700 candidates to be the military payload specialist aboard the space shuttle Atlantis which blasted off from Florida on November 21, 1991. He became the first U.S. Army warrant officer to fly in space as part of the Army's Military Man in Space program.
The equipment he used was called the Spaceborne Direct-View Optical System, an optical system that allowed Hennen to view preselected sites from 200 miles up in space, traveling at 17,500 miles an hour. The program was intended to determine military applications of man's unique powers of observation and decision making in space.
Like the Fort Huachuca Museum, the Army Intelligence Museum is a non-profit, government organization that is largely dependent upon donations of material and cash from private individuals.
Weekdays 9am - 4pm
Weekends 1pm - 4pm
Closed Federal Holidays
The U.S. Army Intelligence Museum
Corner of Christy and Hungerford,
Fort Huachuca, Arizona