Monroe County was founded in 1815 on lands ceded by local Native American tribes.
Monroeville, once known as Centerville,
was renamed for James Monroe and incorporated on April 15, 1899. However, there is record of the first municipal election
being held January 23, 1858 to incorporate the town of Monroeville with a 14 to 0 vote in favor of incorporation.
A crossroads community just outside the plantation region of the Black Belt, the Community was largely agricultural. In the mid-1930's a Vanity Fair textile mill opened and along with wood products contributed to a dynamic local economy.
Monroeville remains a regional center and crossroads on the El Camino Corridor, historically one of the most important east-west routes - linking Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. While the textile industry has moved overseas, agriculture remains and timber continues as an important part of the local economy. The health care industry is now becoming a major contributor to the local economy.
Monroeville is best known as the home of two highly successful writers: Pulitzer prize-winning Harper Lee, an author most famous for her novel To Kill A Mockingbird, and world-renowned author and popular-culture icon Truman Capote. Mark Childress, novelist, and Cynthia Tucker, syndicated columnist and winner of the 2007 Pulitzer Prize for Commentary, were also born in Monroeville.
In 1997 the Alabama Legislature designated Monroeville and Monroe County the "Literary Capital of Alabama."
Monroeville is home to Alabama Southern Community College. Alabama Southern is a state-supported, fully accredited, comprehensive two-year college serving southwest Alabama with its main campuses in Monroeville and Thomasville.
Whitey Lee Park is approximately 20 acres in size. The facility provides a variety of outdoor activities such as fishing, picnic pavilion, walking trail and Community House. The park was donated to the City by Vanity Fair Foundation. The park was created under the direction of M. O. "Whitey" Lee who was a resident of Monroeville, a trustee for the Foundation and Chairman of VF Corporation until his death on March 5, 1962.
Veterans Memorial Ballpark is located at the intersection of South Mount Pleasant Avenue and Veterans Avenue. The park consists of approximately 48 acres. The park received its name from the Veteran's Memorial which is located at the northeast corner of the park and consists of a relic tank, helicopter, airplane, mortars and brick memorial. The VFW and American Legion manage this section of the park.
Monroeville is a fun place to visit. It is the typical Southern Town with its courthouse square layout. We look forward to getting back to Monroeville to enjoy more of the area attractions.