McIntosh is a town located in Washington County, Alabama along
US Highway 43, about 43 miles north of Mobile, Alabama. As of
the 200 census, the town had a population of 244.
The town was incorporated on April 7, 1970 making it the third incorporated town in Washington County.
McIntosh has at least two claims to fame. It is the site for the first compressed air energy storage power plant in the US, operating since 1991. It also had the world's first manufacturing plant for sucralose.
The Town of McIntosh was named after William McIntosh (1775 - April 30, 1825), also known as "Tustunnugee Hutkee (White Warrior)," was one of the most prominent chiefs of the Creek Nation between the Revolutionary War and the time of the Creek removal. He was considered a traitor by many Creek tribes due to his concessions to the United States government and his 1825 murder was seen as an execution by his enemies.
Andrews Chapel, also known as McIntosh Log Church, is one of the few remaining log cabin churches in Alabama. In 1860, John C. Rush and his wife donated land for a church to the McIntosh community. Shortly afterwards, the church was constructed and named for James O. Andrew, a Bishop in the Methodist Church. The log church is secured on the ends by square notching and caulked in cracks. The roof is covered in wood shingles. In 1952, a new church was constructed and Andrews Chapel was vacated. It is currently used for special occasions. Andrews Chapel was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.
McIntosh Bluff, near downtown McIntosh, is the site where a detachment of army troops led by General Edmund Gaines captured ex-vice president Aaron Burr in 1807 on charges of treason. Burr was sent on horseback to Richmond, Virginia via Fort Stoddard near Mount Vernon, Alabama. Burr was later acquitted of those charges. Fort Gaines, on Dauphin Island, Alabama was named for General Gaines.
Quick history for McIntosh:
- Weekly mail service to Natchez was established in 1802.
- The first civil court in Alabama was held here in 1803.
- The ancient seat of the Tohoma Indians.
- Included in the first Choctaw Cession to the British in 1765, and thereafter granted to John McIntosh a Scottish trader.
- Earliest American settlers north of 31 in present State of Alabama.
- First County Seat for both Washington and Baldwin Counties.