Horseshoe Bend National Military Park is the site of the Battle of
Horseshoe Bend, the last battle
the Creek War on March 27, 1814.
This park, located just east of Alexander City, Alabama, is one of
the four dedicated ‘War of 1812' parks in the National Park System.
The others are Fort McHenry National Monument in Baltimore, Perry's
Victory and International Peace Memorial in Ohio, and Chalmette National
Battlefield in New Orleans.
Battle of Horseshoe Bend
On the morning of 27 March 1814, General Andrew Jackson and an army of 3,300 men consisting of Tennessee militia, United States regulars and both Cherokee and Lower Creek allies attacked Chief Menawa and 1,000 Upper Creek or Red Stick warriors fortified in the "horseshoe" bend of the Tallapoosa River. To seal off the bend of the river, the Upper Creeks built an incredibly strong 400-yard long barricade made of dirt and logs.
As the Cherokee and Lower Creek warriors swam the Tallapoosa and attacked from the rear, Jackson launched the militia and regular soldiers against the barricade. Facing overwhelming odds, the Red Sticks fought bravely yet ultimately lost the battle. Over 800 Upper Creeks died at Horseshoe Bend defending their homeland. This was the final battle of the Creek War of 1813-14, which is considered part of the War of 1812.
In the Treaty of Fort Jackson signed on August 9, 1814, the Upper and Lower Creeks were forced to give the United States nearly 20 million acres of land in what is today Alabama and Georgia.
In 1829, partly as a result of his fame from the battles of Horseshoe Bend and New Orleans, Andrew Jackson was elected President of the United States; a year later he signed the Indian Removal Bill forcing all the tribes east of the Mississippi River to move to Oklahoma, a journey the Cherokees called the "Trail of Tears." The Southeast, cleared of most Indians and free from the threat of foreign intervention, thus became part of the United States and was opened for settlement.
Horseshoe Bend Park conducts reenactments of different phases of the battle on the forth Saturday of each month. These activities are fun and educational. They start around 10am and go to 5pm.
My daughter and I drove up to watch the activities recently. Unfortunately, about a half hour after our arrival things were called off because of severe thunderstorms in area. In fact, if you listen close to the reenactment video about a half hour after our arrival things were called off because of severe thunderstorms in area. In fact, if you listen close to the reenactment video below, you can hear all the thundering and wind blowing. We hope to go back and update you soon. Better still, join us there.
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park
11288 Horseshoe Bend Rd.
Daviston, AL 36256